Mount of Beatitudes with the Sea of Galilee in the distance.
1-2. When Jesus saw the crowds that had followed him, he climbed a hill and sat down with His followers next to him, and he began to teach them. He said,
3. “Happy  are those who know their spiritual poverty, for they are the ones who are true citizens of God’s kingdom.
4. “Happy are those who now are filled with sadness over sin, for God himself will comfort them.
5. “Happy are those who are humble, for they will gain the world God has promised to his people.
6. “Happy are those who long to see the right prevail, for they will see their longings satisfied.
7. “Happy are those who show kindness to the downtrodden, for they will themselves receive mercy.
8. “Happy are those whose hearts are pure, for they are God’s children.
9. “Happy are those who work for peace, for they will be regarded as the children of God.
10. “Happy are those who are mistreated because they do right, for they will enjoy the kingdom of heaven.
11-12. “Happy are you when people hate you and mistreat you and falsely accuse you of all kinds of evil just because you belong to me. Yes, be glad, for this is what people did to the prophets who lived before you.
13. “You of whom these things are true, you are the salt that preserves this world. But take care. If salt loses its taste, it is of no value. It is of no more value than sand. It will be thrown out and walked on like dirt.
14-16. “You are the light that illuminates this dark world. Just as a city on a hill cannot be hidden, your light will provide light for all. Men do not hide a lamp under a basket. No, they put it out where it can give light to the entire house. In the same way, let your good lives shine before all. Let all see your how you live that they may give honor to God, your Father in heaven.
 Happy does not adequately capture the sense of the Greek word makarios. But blessed, used in older translations, makes little sense to us today. The idea of the word is one who has received the favor of someone richer. In the Bible it usually means one who has been particularly favored by God.